A revolutionary concept, “rectangular foot gardening,” allows you to develop more vegetables in less area using fewer assets.
The idea originated with Mel Bartholomew and is certain in his books Square Foot Gardening, All New Square Foot Gardening, and several online sources.
Mr. Bartholomew started considering new gardening ideas after figuring out the inefficiency of conventional gardens that grow unmarried rows of vegetables. This layout stems from area farming, with lengthy rows assisting big volumes of vegetation and wide, unplanted aisles between rows.
The lengthy rows typically grow greater produce than a domestic gardener desires, and we usually plant a whole seed packet, best to tug up most of the seedlings to thin flora. Planting in rows is inefficient, and SFG makes more experience for the home garden.
An additional hassle with traditional row gardens is that the 2- to three-foot aisles among the rows waste space. It’s now not getting used for developing veggies, yet it can be rototilled, fertilized, and watered with the relaxation of the garden. As a result, it will also want to be weeded, a tremendous waste of strength for the garden area that isn’t effective. SFG gets rid of those problems.
So, what is SFG? It is the practice of organizing raised rectangular or square beds that are the handiest huge sufficient in your palms to attain into. Each mattress is divided into square-foot planting areas, so a four-through-4-foot garden might incorporate a 16-square-foot planting area. A three-by means of a six-foot rectangular garden would comprise 18 square toes, and so on. Remember, the dimensions of the lawn are most effectively restricted by way of how far you may attain into it for protection, and there are not any aisles for on foot among plant life.
Mr. Bartholomew determined that a rectangular foot-growing vicinity ought to be deliberate with the ideal wide variety of vegetation approved to permit adequate spacing. For example, one square foot will accommodate nine flora requiring four-inch spacing, such as spinach. With vegetation desiring 6-inch spacing, four may be planted in a square foot, and sixteen flora can grow if they need to be 3 inches apart.
This green technique of organizing growing areas makes it less complicated to control the yield quantity. You are working in smaller regions that might produce the most harvest.
How do you begin? First, pick out a place in your garden close to your home that makes it handy to go out and tend to your plantings. Because SFGs are compact, tremendously effective, and weed-unfastened, don’t forget to incorporate them into your landscape design like a flowerbed.
The next step is to construct your lawn on a pinnacle of the floor instead of digging into your soil. You will build a container the size of your property and a 4-via-four box for a 16-rectangular-foot planting area. The container handiest desires to be 6 inches deep for maximum garden vegetables. Some very long root crops (massive carrots, leeks, potatoes) may require an intensity of 12 inches. For them, building men’s or women’s rectangular foot-packing containers is far more green.
The packing containers can be fabricated from lumber, bricks, blocks, stone, whatever, as lengthy because it is not a material dangerous in your plants. The box should be bottomless, with a weed barrier overlaying the backside surface. It should be situated to walk around the perimeter and completely reach all regions inside the box. This removes the want to step onto the developing surface, which packs down the soil.
The third step is to build your soil. By creating your personal developing blend, you ensure that it is miles rich in vitamins and minerals, holds moisture, and drains nicely. Mr. Bartholomew recommends mixing identical components: peat moss, vermiculite, and combined compost. Not only will all of those materials provide a perfect, natural bed for your plants, but by not using soil out of your backyard, you have surely eliminated the increase of weeds. Also, there may be no want for fertilizing because compost offers the nutrients required for healthy plants.
Once your garden container has been full of growing medium, lay a grid on top of the box, dividing it into square-foot growing regions. The grid can be made from any sturdy material, which includes wooden lath or Venetian blinds. The grid needs to be secured to the field frame so that the person growing areas are honestly delineated.
Finally, you’re prepared to plant. Mr. Bartholomew offers clear practice for what number of plants every square foot can preserve, including one head of cabbage, four Swiss chard, nine beets, sixteen onions, or one tomato with help according to a square foot. It is also simpler to devise for rotating seasonal plants with SFG. Overall, planting, watering, harvesting, and all other renovation will be simpler because you’re working with an extra doable and efficient developing area than a conventional lawn.
Now is the time to recall converting your garden to a less difficult, greener, and potentially extra aesthetic layout. SFG gives many blessings over conventional practices.